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October 2012

India

India

Indian Ocean area

Indian Ocean area

Cyclone Nilam is heading towards the eastern coast of India, on October, 31, 2012. Located in Southern Asia, India is slightly more than one-third the size of the United States. India's climate varies from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north. Its terrain ranges from upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in the south, to a rolling plain along the Ganges River, to deserts in west, to the Himalayas in north.

India's current environmental issues include: deforestation, soil erosion, overgrazing, desertification, air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions, water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides, tap water that is not potable throughout the country, and a growing population that is over-straining its natural resources. India's natural resources include: coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, and arable land.

India's estimated population is 1,205,073,612. English is the primary language of communication, while Hindi is the most widely spoken language; there are 14 other official languages of India. The varied religions of India include: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1%; the ethnicity is: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%. Major cities in India are: New Delhi (capital) 21.72 million, Mumbai 19.695m, Kolkata 15.294m, Chennai 7.416m, and Bangalore 7.079m.

CIA World Factbook, 10/2012

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