PH Filing Series
Rights and Restrictions Information
Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 20540-4730
The PH filing series includes more than 2,500 individual photographs
and more than 100 portfolios (or otherwise unbound sets of photographs)
of great aesthetic, technical or historic importance, from a variety
of sources. The photographs date from the mid-nineteenth century
to the present. The use of images in this collection may be restricted. Privacy and publicity rights may also apply.
Access: Permitted; subject to P&P policy on serving
originals, which requires the use of digital surrogates in lieu
of originals, when available.
Reproduction (xeroxing, hand-held camera copying, photoduplication
and other forms of copying allowed by "fair use"): Permitted:
subject to P&P policy on copying which prohibits xeroxing of
Publication and other forms of distribution:
May be restricted.
When the Library is aware of the rights status of a work in the
PH Filing Series, a note is included in the online catalog record.
When works are restricted, the addresses of such parties, and an
indication of the status of their works (to the extent known by
the Library), are provided online on the Rights
and Restrictions Information page under the photographer/agency
When explicit rights notes are not found in the catalog record,
the record should be examined for information or clues useful in
determining the rights status of the piece, and patrons must conduct
a "risk analysis" to determine appropriate use of an image. This
involves coupling a knowledge of rights principles (such as duration
of copyright, and the definition of "published" works) with the
risk associated with the intended use (i.e. educational or commercial)
and making and documenting for the user's records a decision about
whether or not use is appropriate.
Patrons who wish to show that a reasonable effort was made to determine
copyright status may wish to request a copyright search and retain
any supplied report for their records. The Division's reference
aid, "General Information about Copyright and Other Restrictions
Which Apply to Publication and Other Forms of Distribution of Images:
Sources for Information," found online at http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/195_copr.html
may be of assistance in determining the appropriate use of a photograph.
Privacy and publicty rights may also apply.
Credit line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division,
[reproduction number, e.g., LC-USZ62-90145]
For more information, please read: Copyright
and Other Restrictions That Apply to Publication/Distribution of Images: Assessing the Risk of Using a P&P Image
Prepared by: Prints and Photographs Division staff. Last revised:
April 21, 2005.