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August 19, 1861

Lloyd. Lloyd's official map of Missouri, 1861

Lloyd. Lloyd's official map of Missouri, 1861

Lloyd. Lloyd's official map of the state of Virginia, 1861

Lloyd. Lloyd's official map of the state of Virginia, 1861

Böÿe. A map of the state of Virginia, 1859

Böÿe. A map of the state of Virginia, 1859

The prolific Northern publisher, James T. Lloyd was one of the more ambitious commercial publishers during the Civil War. Lloyd consistently adapted existing cartographic materials to new purposes.

On August 19, 1861, the Confederate government voted to allow the state of Missouri into the Confederacy. For a brief time, the state of Missouri had, essentially, both a Confederate government and Union government. There were several skirmishes fought in the state in the late summer of 1861 but, for the most part, the major actions took place elsewhere.

James T. Lloyd did not, however, ignore the potential map market in the West, including Missouri. On his 1861 Map of Missouri, Lloyd prominently advertised his "Great Military Map of the Fifteen Southern States" which "cost over $5,000, [and] Sells for only 50cts." He further describes the map as the “the only map deemed contraband by the Secretary of War and is prohibited from being sent South for their use”.

In addition to advertising, Lloyd freely used the work of others. In 1861 Lloyd published his "Lloyd's official map of the state of Virginia from actual surveys by order of the Executive 1828 & 1859." which was based on Hermann Böÿe’s 1825 nine sheet map of the state of Virginia revised and reduced by Lewis von Buchholtz in 1859.

Map Citations

Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's official map of Missouri drawn and engraved from actual surveys for the Land Office Department. New York, Louisville, [and] London, J. T. Lloyd, 1861. 1 map, col., 60 x 68 cm.
Catalog record: http://lccn.loc.gov/99448362

Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's official map of the state of Virginia from actual surveys by order of the Executive 1828 & 1859. Correc. and rev. by J. T. Lloyd to 1861. 1 col. map 30 x 48 cm.
Catalog record: http://lccn.loc.gov/98688567

Böÿe, Herman. A map of the state of Virginia, constructed in conformity to law from the late surveys authorized by the legislature and other original and authentic documents / by Herman Böÿe, 1825. Corr. by order of the executive, 1859 / by L.v. Buchholtz. [Virginia : s.n., 1859] 1 map on 2 sheets : hand col., sectioned and mounted on cloth ; 155 x 240 cm., sheets 82 x 240 cm.
Catalog record: http://lccn.loc.gov/99439988