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Special Collections in the Library of Congress:
Business, Economic, and Labor History

Compiled by
Ellen Terrell, Business Reference Specialist and
Joseph Etoo, Montgomery College Paul Peck Humanities Intern, 2012

The special collections listed below contain materials of interest to researchers in a variety of disciplines, including U.S. business and labor history. Types of materials within each collection that may be of particular interest to the business/labor history researcher have been noted. Other business and labor related materials may also be located by searching the Prints and Photographs Division online catalog, the American Memory Collections, the Library of Congress finding aids to locate primary source materials and A Guide to the Microform Collections in the Humanities and Social Sciences Division of the Library of Congress.

 

Exterior (front) of main mill building; Kalkstein Silk Mills, Inc. (Patterson MJ) Photographer, Martha Cooper.

Above:
Exterior of former Kalkstein Silk Mills, Patterson NJ. 1994.
Photographer: Martha Cooper
From the Collection
Working in Patterson: Occupational Heritage in an Urban Setting
American Folklife Center
Digital ID: afcwip mcb01117

          A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


 A

African American Business, Entrepreneurship and the Commerce Department: records of the Office of the Secretary's Advisor on Negro Affairs, 1940-1953. Microform Reading Room

"These records include correspondence with insurance companies owned and operated by Blacks, 1942 to 1953; correspondence with banks owned and operated by Blacks, 1942 to 1953; correspondence with Black lending institutions, 1942-1943; and correspondence and reports pertaining to Conferences on the Negro Business, 1940-1953."

Alex. Brown & Sons records, 1796-1908 Manuscript Division

Lettercopy and letterpress books (1802-1880), daybooks (1800-1867), cashbooks (1829-1876), ledgers (1796-1878), and other business records of the firm founded by Alexander Brown in Baltimore, Md., circa 1800 which grew from a mercantile business into an international banking house.

American labor unions' officers' reports. 1897-1980. Microform Reading Room

A collection of American labor unions' officers' reports and American labor unions' constitutions, proceedings, officers' reports and supplementary documents. Elected union officers' reports for twenty-four active and twenty-three inactive labor unions, issued 1897 to 1980, with some updates through 1988. The officers' reports are generally compiled and distributed before a union's convention, to inform the members and delegates of the "state of the union": contract negotiations and settlements; employment, wages and working conditions; benefits; administration, jurisdiction and finance; organizing and legislative activities; strikes and mergers; relations with other unions, and so on.

American labor unions' constitutions and proceedings 1836-1974. Microform Reading Room

Reports from labor union officers of various industries covering issues of contract negotiations and settlements; employment, wages and working conditions; benefits; administration, jurisdiction and finance; strikes and mergers; relations with other unions. More than 250 unions' papers are represented from 1836-1974, with annual updates from 1975(?) through 1982. The collection was compiled by Bernard G. Naas, from collections of academic, public, trade union, and government libraries. The constitutions and proceedings of the AFL, and of important unions in nearly all industries provide a comprehensive record of the formal structure, public positions, and recorded debates of American trade unions.

American Rocket Company records, 1958-1991. Manuscript Division
Finding aid

The American Rocket Company was also known as Space Rocket Company. Collection includes: business plans, correspondence, financial records, legal records, legislative material, meeting minutes and notes, printed matter, reports, and technical papers relating to the commercial use of space by a private company.

Amory family papers, 1697-1882. Manuscript Division
Finding aid

Merchant trading and shipping family of Ireland, South Carolina, and Boston. Letter books, correspondence, wills, a petition, financial papers, printed matter, and other material pertaining chiefly to Thomas Amory (1682-1728) and his grandson, Thomas Amory (1762-1823).

Annual Reports (domestic - United States) [microform]. Business Reference Collection

Includes two distinct sets of microfiche - Selected Pre-1974 Corporate Annual Reports on Microfiche and Selected Corporate Annual Reports on Microfiche, 1975-1983.

Architectural trade catalogues from Avery Library, Columbia University. Microform Reading Room

A number of 19th and early 20th centuries catalogs from the Columbia University's Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library collection.

Nathan Appleton papers, 1850-1904 (bulk 1876-1902). Manuscript Division
View finding aid

Nathan Appleton was an American merchant and politician who introduced the power loom and the manufacture of cotton on a large scale into the United States. He and others later purchased the water-power at Pawtucket Falls, and he was one of the founders of the Merrimac Manufacturing Company. He also worked as American agent for "Compagnie universelle du canal interocéanique de Panama", a French company attempting to build a canal across Panama. Correspondence, notes, autobiography, speeches and writings are a part of this collection.

Architecture and Interior Design for 20th Century America, 1935-1955: Photographs by Samuel Gottscho and William Schleisner. Prints and Photographs Division

Includes images of stores, factories. and offices primarily in the northeastern United States, and images of the 1939-1940 New York World's Fair.

Around the World in the 1890's: Photographs from the World Transportation Commission, 1894-1896 Prints and Photographs Division

Includes images of various modes of transportation, and city, street and harbor views from North Africa, Asia, Australia, and Oceania.

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 B

Alfred Mason Badger papers, 1832-1863. Manuscript Division

Diary documenting Badger's merchant and building contracting businesses in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., and Boston, Mass., and reflecting the growth of the nation's capital (1832-1833).

Charles Nicoll Bancker correspondence, 1803-1830. Manuscript Division

Correspondence addressed to Bancker primarily from his father-in-law, John Teackle, and brother-in-law, Littleton Dennis Teackle, as well as other members of the Teackle family of Maryland. Pertains to family and business matters and documents national economic and political issues related to family's interests in banking, commerce, and shipbuilding. Correspondents discuss conversations with various prominent United States government officials and several British ministers; views of Congress concerning U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin; British Orders in Council relating to trade with the United States; the embargo of 1807; the Non-Intercourse Act (1809); rechartering of the United States Bank (1811); etc.

Bank of the United States collection, 1774-1865. Manuscript Division

Correspondence, account books, cancelled checks, promissory notes, receipts, and other papers, relating to the first and second Bank of the United States. Correspondents include John Jacob Astor, Nicholas Biddle, Henry Clay, William H. Crawford, J.J. Crittenden, Albert Gallatin, Richard Henry Lee, Isaac Melcher, James Monroe, Joseph Nourse, Richard Rush, John Sergeant, and Daniel Webster.

Bank of the United States (Baltimore, Md.) records, 1795-1855 (bulk 1816-1846) Manuscript Division

Records of the Congressionally-chartered commercial bank charged with central bank responsibilities for the United States and of its successor, the Merchants' Bank of Baltimore. Correspondence and banking and legal records highlighting the business of the bank both as a Congressionally-chartered institution and as a state-chartered bank.

Baring papers, 1792-1891. Manuscript Division

Baring Brothers & Co. was the oldest merchant bank in London ad was founded in 1762 as the John and Francis Baring Company by Francis Baring, with his older brother John Baring. Later known as Barings Bank until its collapse in 1995.

Wharton Barker papers, 1864-1921. Manuscript Division
View finding aid

Wharton Barker was an American financier and publicist who served as a member of the banking firm of Barker Bros. & Co., and later was appointed special financial agent of the Russian government.

Barnard family papers, 1714-1901. Manuscript Division

Correspondence, bills, receipts, other business papers, memorandum books, account books, scrapbooks, genealogical notes, and photographs concerning business and social life of this family of Connecticut and western New York. Also included are material on real estate, supply of the Continental Army, United States banking policies, tariffs, the importation of textile and other machinery.

Thomas Beall business records, 1794-1811. Manuscript Division

Thomas Beall was a merchant of Georgetown, D.C. Ledgers and account books constitute this collection, including lists of notes taken from the ledgers, giving names, dates and occupations of early residents of the District of Columbia and Montgomery County, MD.

Alexander Graham Bell Family Collection: Papers and Photographs of the Bell Family Manuscript Division

Includes items relating to Bell's involvement in the first telephone company, patent disputes and early marketing of the telephone. Parts of the collection may be searched online.

Emile Berliner collection, 1871-1965. Recorded Sound Reference Center, Motion Picture, Broadcasting & Recorded Sound Division
View finding aid

Emile Berliner was a German-born American inventor responsible for the gramophone, the flat disc recording, the radio microphone, acoustic tile, and an early version of the helicopter. He also founded the Berliner Gramophone Company in 1895, the Gramophone Company in London, England, in 1897, Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, in 1898 and Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal in 1899.

Nicholas Biddle papers, 1681-1933 (bulk 1775-1846) Manuscript Division

Nicholas Biddle was a financier who served as the president of the Second Bank of the United States. Banker, editor, diplomat, lawyer, and legislator. Correspondence, letterbooks, account books, and writings together with family papers concerning Charles, Clement, Edward, James, Nicholas, Thomas, and William S. Biddle.

Harold McMillan Bixby papers, 1925-1962. Manuscript Division

Correspondence, supplemented by speeches, printed matter, and miscellaneous material, relating to Charles A. Lindbergh. Includes letters (1927) to Bixby, president of the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce, concerning Lindbergh's transatlantic flight; letters (1927-1962) between Lindbergh and Bixby.

Ephraim Blaine papers, 1765-1805. Manuscript Division

Ephraim Blaine was an army officer and merchant, of Carlisle, PA who made a fortune trading with Native American tribes after the French & Indian War and Pontiac's War. He served as commissary of supplies, deputy commissary-general and commissary-general for purchases for the Continental Army. In that last position, Blaine helped feed the Army, arranging food deliveries, and often having to advance his own money for payment.

Samuel Blodget papers, 1758-1813. Manuscript Division

Correspondence, accounts, receipts, lottery tickets, and other business papers, relating chiefly to the construction by Blodget of a canal on the Merrimack River at Amoskeag Falls, NH as well as material related to lotteries undertaken in New Hampshire and Massachusetts to raise money for the completion of the canal.

Bostwick Company Records, 1819-1856. [microform] Manuscript Division

The Bostwick Company records consist of the business records of William Bostwick (1796-1863), merchant of Augusta, Georgia, and New Haven, Connecticut, including records of firms with which he was associated and their antecedents. The firms represented are: Edward Campfield & Co., John Burton, Burton & Bostwick, Banks & Baird, and Bostwick & Baird, the last-named becoming the firm of William Bostwick in 1832. These firms were located in Augusta, Georgia, and were primarily engaged in the cotton business. Records include an account book, cash books, cotton books, day books, inventories, ledgers, and other similar company record books.

George S. Boutwell papers, 1869-1892. [microfilm] Manuscript Division

George Boutwell served as Secrtary of the Treasury from March 12, 1869 to March 16, 1873 and was first Commissioner of Internal Revenue under President Abraham Lincoln. He was also Governor of Massachusetts and also served in the House of Representatives and United States Senate.

Bradstreet's book of commercial ratings of bankers, merchants, manufacturers, etc., in the United States and the Dominion of Canada .... Microform Reading Room

Later merged with Duns to form Dun & Bradstreet. Incomplete holdings for v.42-v.263 (1878:Apr.-1933:Mar.). See also Reference Book for related content.

Britain and Europe since 1945. Microform Reading Room

This collection covers the issue of British economic and political integration with the European Economic Community. Included are opinions from various interest pressure groups on the issue, such as publications from relevant political parties.

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters records, 1920-1968. Manuscript Division
View finding aid

The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters was the first labor organization led by blacks to receive a charter in the American Federation of Labor (AFL). It merged in 1978 with the Brotherhood of Railway and Airline Clerks (BRAC), now known as the Transportation Communications International Union. The collection includes correspondences of the Brotherhood's officials as well as subject files, financial records, and miscellaneous records.

Edward Brown papers, 1793-1856. Manuscript Division

Correspondence, journals, and financial and legal papers primarily relating to shipping and shipbuilding in Newburyport, MA and Thomaston, ME, Newburyport and vicinity in the War of 1812, and family affairs.

Percival Flack Brundage papers, 1918-1979. Manuscript Division
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Family and general correspondence, speeches, writings, subject files, financial records, legal records, clippings, printed matter, and other papers relating to Brundage's service as director of the U.S. Bureau of the Budget and to his activities with the Atlantic Council of the United States; Federal Union; Price, Waterhouse & Company; and Project Hope. Subjects include the federal budget; economic policy; etc.

Nannie Helen Burroughs papers, 1900-1963 (bulk 1928-1960). Microform Reading Room

Nannie Helen Burroughs was an African-American businesswoman, educator, orator, and religious leader. In 1909 she founded the National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington, D.C.. She was active in the National League of Republican Colored Women, and the National Association of Wage Earners, working to influence legislation related to wages for domestic workers and other positions held by women. The collection includes correspondence, financial records, memoranda, notebooks, speeches and writings, subscription and literature orders.

Business and financial papers, 1780-1939: selected titles from the Bodleian Library, Oxford, and the British Library Newspaper Library, Colindale. Microform Reading Room

Covers international trade, manufacturing industry, scientific and technological development, banking and finance, railway communications, agriculture and retailing. Including the titles The Anglo-Japanese Gazette and The Eastern World - A Weekly Journal for Law, Commerce, Politics, Literature and Useful Information.

Business history, 1916-1975: trade and business associations : research organizations and financial institutions. Microform Reading Room

Reproduces 50 serial publications providing economic, industrial and commercial data relating to most of the major industries representing the American economy during the 20th century. Includes but is not limited to: Air Transport Facts and Figures, Aluminum Statistical Review, American Stock Exchange Weekly Bulletin, publications from the various Federal Reserve branch banks, New York Stock Exchange Fact Book, Insurance Facts, etc.

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 C

John Edwards Caldwell letterbook, 1795-1796. Manuscript Division

John Edwards Caldwell was a merchant of Philadelphia, Pa. This Letterbook relates to trade with the West Indies and includes accounts, consignments, and directions to captains of trading vessels and correspondence with merchants in places like Philadelphia, Pa., Baltimore, Md., New York, N.Y., and Charleston, S.C.

Andrew Carnegie papers, 1803-1935 Manuscript Division

Industrialist and philanthropist. Correspondence, reports, memoranda, speeches, articles, book files, financial papers, printed materials, and other papers relating to Carnegie's steel manufacturing and other business and philanthropic activities.

Daniel Carroll papers, 1662-1920. Manuscript Division
View finding aid

Marylander Daniel Carroll was a landowner and businessman. Included are correspondence, financial and legal records, plat surveys, and newspaper clippings pertaining to Carroll's business interests and real estate holdings in Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Md. Correspondence, financial and legal documents, surveys of plats, newspaper clippings, and other papers pertaining primarily to Carroll's business interests and to his real estate holdings in what later became the Capitol Hill area of Washington, D.C. Includes material on land surveying and sales in Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Md.; collection of rents; Carroll's holdings in Baltimore Iron Works and Hockley Forge.

Robert Carter papers, 1685-1828. Manuscript Division
View finding aid

Robert Carter was a tobacco planter and iron manufacturer. Collection includes correspondence, memorandum books, account books, and religious writings relating primarily to the operation of Nomini Hall in Westmoreland County, VA, other Virginia estates, shipment of tobacco, the Baltimore Iron Works, and his affiliation with the Baptists and the Swedenborgian Church of the New Jerusalem.

Robert Edgar Cecil papers, 1942-1945. Manuscript Division
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Robert Edgar Cecil was an insurance executive who served in the Philippine Islands as assistant manager of the Manila branch office of West Coast Life and became manager in 1935. He also served as president of the Continental Life and Accident Insurance Company in Boise, Idaho between 1958 and 1961.

Octave Chanute papers, 1807-1955 Manuscript Division

Civil engineer and aviation pioneer. The bulk of the collection relates to Chanute's experiments with gliders and his scientific and financial support of aeronautical pioneers. Other papers concern his career as a builder of railroads and his service as chief engineer of the Erie Railroad and railroads in Illinois and Kansas.

Salmon P. Chase papers, 1755-1898 (bulk 1824-1872). Manuscript Division

Salmon P. Chase was U.S. Senator from Ohio, the 23rd Governor of Ohio, U.S. Treasury Secretary under President Abraham Lincoln; and sixth Chief Justice of the United States. Abolitionist, lawyer, United States senator, governor of Ohio, United States secretary of the treasury, and chief justice of the United States Supreme Court. Correspondence, memoranda, diaries, speeches, writings, financial and legal papers, biographical material, and other papers pertaining to Chase's career and personal life.

Stuart Chase papers, 1907-1978. Manuscript Division
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Stuart Chase was an American economist, engineer and author. This collection includes drafts and manuscripts of books and writings, notes, reports, book reviews, contracts, and other papers pertaining to Chase's contributions to economics and social policy, especially as a member of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "brain trust." It has been suggested that he was the originator of the expression a New Deal, which became identified with the economic programs of said American president Roosevelt.

Civil War and the Confederacy [microform] : the business records of Fraser, Trenholm & Company of Liverpool and Charleston, South Carolina, 1860-1877 : from the Merseyside Maritime Museum, Liverpool. [microfilm] Manuscript Division

Fraser, Trenholm and Company was a prominent commercial house in Liverpool with close ties to the Confederate States. George A Trenholm, the senior partner of the Charleston office, became Secretary to the Confederate States Treasury in 1864. Contents listing available online.

Clapp family papers, 1789-1935. Manuscript Division
View inding aid

Collection includes: correspondence, estate and business papers, and genealogical material relating primarily to the family's shipping and commercial activities and to the handling of the family estate.

Victor S. Clark papers, 1827-1944. Manuscript Division
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Victor S. Clark was an economist analyst and an author. The collection documents his work as trustee of the Institute of Current World Affairs and member of the Board of Research Associates in American Economic History of the Carnegie Institution of Washington among others. It also includes papers of Levi and LeRoy Davis, farmers and merchants of the Genesee River Valley in New York, during the 1800s.

Clark M. Clifford papers, 1883-1999 (bulk 1946-1998) Manuscript Division

Government official and lawyer. Correspondence, memoranda, speeches and writings, congressional testimony, printed matter, and other papers relating primarily to Clifford's personal and professional life, including his role as an adviser and counsel to four Democratic presidential administrations, his service as United States secretary of defense, 1968-1969, and his career as a lawyer in Washington, D.C. Chairman of First American Bankshares and whose name is commected to the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) scandal.

Gerhard Colm papers, 1935-1968. Manuscript Division View finding aid

Gerhard Colm was Chief Economist of the National Planning Association and served as a leading economic adviser for both the Roosevelt and Truman administrations. In 1939 he was named by Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins as Fiscal and Financial expert of the new industrial economics division of that department. In this capacity Colm developed national income estimates for economic planning. Colm became principal fiscal analyst of the Bureau of the Budget and assistant chief of the division. In addition, Colm lectured at George Washington University from 1940-1962 and served the U.S. government on many special economic missions to foreign countries.

Columbia Records paperwork collection, 1923-1964. Recorded Sound Reference Center, Motion Picture, Broadcasting & Recorded Sound Division
View finding aid

Record label orders, record label copy sheets, press release information, recording studio job sheets, and cut-out project information from Columbia Records.

Company filings submitted to the Securities & Exchange Commission. Business Reference Collection

Microfiche collection of filings submitted to the SEC from selected companies. Includes annual, quarterly, and related other important filings when necessary (8K, Annual Reports, proxies). Dates covered are 1978-1994.

The Papers of Jay Cooke (1821-1905); Civil war and Reconstruction, the making of modern America. Series one, from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Manuscript Division
Digital guide

The core of the Jay Cooke Papers relates to banking and finance, but the family's influence and correspondence relate to every aspect of American metropolitan society. Jay Cooke formed a partnership, Jay Cooke & Co in Philadelphia, and opened branch offices in New York, Washington, and London. Jay Cook & Co. sold bond-issues to support the Union war effort. In addition the company was involved in the foundation of the National Banking system, setting up insurance companies, trading in stocks and gold, subsidizing and constructing railroads, and acquiring land and mines. Their ill-fated involvement in the subsidy and construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad contributed to the financial panic of 1873.
This is part of the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Making of Modern America. (Series one). General organization: pt. 1. General correspondence, 1843-April 1865 (20 reels) -- pt. 2. General correspondence, May 1865-December 1867 (20 reels) -- pt. 3. General correspondence, January 1868-April 1870 (20 reels) -- pt. 4. General correspondence, May 1870-December 1871 (20 reels) -- pt. 5. General correspondence, January 1872-June 1874 and undated (20 reels).

Cooper, Hewitt & Company (Ringwood, N.J.) records, 1833-1908. Manuscript Division

Cooper, Hewitt & Company were owned and ran New Jersey Steel and Iron Works and The Trenton Iron Works (both in Trenton, NJ). They produced and sold rolled iron beams, railroad iron, railroad axles, locomotive tires, refined bar iron, steel-headed rails, charcoal pig iron, brazier's and wire rods, and other iron items.

W.W. Corcoran papers, 1791-1896. Manuscript Division
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Financier and philanthropist. Correspondence, letterpress books, financial papers, newspaper clippings, printed matter, and other papers relating primarily to Corcoran's business and banking interests and philanthropic efforts. He corresponded with many of the famous of the day including Junius Spencer Morgan. Documents his involvement with the brokerage and banking firms, Corcoran & Riggs, Washington, D.C.; Riggs and Co, New York, N.Y.; Bank of America; and Wilson, Colston & Co., Baltimore, Md. Also documents his investment ventures in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company; Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company; Little Miami Railroad Company; Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore Rail Road Company.

James Couzens papers, 1903-1940. Manuscript Division
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James Couzens was the general manager and treasurer of Ford Motor Company, the mayor of Detroit, and a United States Senator. Included are correspondence, articles, speeches, subject files, and scrapbooks documenting his career as an industrialist and politician.

Coxe family papers at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania [microform]. Manuscript Division
View finding aid [PDF format: 5.25 MB/137 p.]

Family papers of the Coxe family includes material related to the firm Coxe & Furman trade house. But much of the collection relates to the most famous family member - Tench Coxe (May 22, 1755 - July 17, 1824) who was an American political economist and a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress. The material documents Tench's mercantile endeavors, his civil service appointments, and his activities as a land speculator. Records include correspondence, financial records, legal papers, land papers, and drafts of his writings.

William Edmund Curtis papers, 1885-1923 (bulk 1893-1896). Manuscript Division
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Correspondence, memoranda, notes, reports, codebooks, financial papers, newspaper clippings, printed material, scrapbooks, and other papers relating chiefly to Curtis's service as assistant secretary of the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury.

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 D

Samuel Davidson papers, 1780-1810. Manuscript Division

Samuel Davidson was a merchant of Georgetown, Washington, D.C. This collection includes business and personal correspondence, daybook, and ledger of accounts.

Joseph Edward Davies papers, 1860-1958. Manuscript Division
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Correspondence, memoranda, diaries, journals, writings, speeches, subject files, newspaper diaries, biographical material, family papers, financial records, photographs, and other papers relating chiefly to foreign affairs with emphasis on American-Soviet relations. The papers document Davies's career as chairman of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (1915-1916), U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union (1936-1938) and to Belgium and Luxembourg (1938-1939), as special presidential envoy for Franklin D. Roosevelt to confer with Joseph Stalin (1943) and for Harry S. Truman to confer with Sir Winston Churchill (1945), as special adviser to Truman and U.S. secretary of state James F. Byrnes at the Potsdam Conference (1945 ), and as vice chairman of the U.S. President's Advisory Commission on Military Training (1946-1947).

Dell Paperback Collection Rare Book and Special Collections Division

A substantially complete set Dell paperbacks, illustrating changes in marketing strategy and pricing over the years.

W. Edwards Deming papers, 1795-1994. Manuscript Division
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Statistician and educator know as an early innovator of business management using statistical methods. He held jobs at the United States Bureau of the Budget and Bureau of the Census as well as George Washington University, New York University, and the United States Department of Agriculture Graduate School. He spent time in Japan assisting with the designing the 1951 Japanese census and developed a strong relationship with the Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) which established the Deming Prize. He later published Quality, Productivity, and Competitive Position (renamed Out of the Crisis) and The New Economics for Industry, Government, Education. He developed what was his "Deming System of Profound Knowledge" and was known as a proponent of what became the Deming cycle called the "Plan-Do-Check-Act" cycle.

Detroit Publishing Company Collection Prints and Photographs Division

Includes photographs of industry, transportation and buildings from the 1880's to the 1920's. Portions of the collection may be searched online

Edward Dixon papers, 1743-1808. Manuscript Division
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Dixons was a merchant, of Port Royal in Caroline County, Virginia. Ledgers, daybooks, journal, waste books, blacksmith accounts, receipts, letters, and a mathematics exercise book, chiefly 1750-1775, relating to Dixon's business and financial transactions in Port Royal, Virginia is part of this collection. Includes information relating to the Virginia tobacco trade, plantations, and trade with Great Britain.

Edward Dorsey papers, 1761-1765. Manuscript Division

Journal of accounts settling the Annapolis and Elkridge estate of Edward Dorsey, a merchant and legislator of Maryland.

Ken McCormick collection of Doubleday and Company, inc., records, 1882-1992. Manuscript Division
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Records of the publishing firm Doubleday and Company, Inc., selected for preservation by Ken McCormick, editor and administrative officer, include correspondence, memoranda, notes, drafts and manuscripts of writings, galley proofs, contracts, publicity material, book jackets, notes, financial papers, photographs, clippings, and other records comprising chiefly editorial and author files. McCormick's cover notes describe each author and editorial file.

Dunlop family papers, 1713-1930. Manuscript Division
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Correspondence, financial papers, business and legal records, and miscellaneous material concerning the mercantile interests and law practice of the Dunlop family.

Dutilh & Wachsmuth (Philadelphia, Pa.) records, 1784-1800. Manuscript Division

Business correspondence, accounts, documents relating to trade with other shipping houses in Europe, America, and the West Indies; names of French refugee passengers (1792-1800) from the West Indies; the shipment of firearms and other goods to Ft. Pitt, PA (1785), and the slave trade.

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 E

Ellis & Allan Company records, 1795-1889 Manuscript Division

General merchants and tobacco traders. Business and personal correspondence, journals, ledgers, daybooks, cashbooks, tobacco books, and other mercantile records of the firms of Ellis & Allan, Thomas & Charles Ellis, Ellis & Sons, and Thomas and Charles Ellis & Company of Richmond, Va. Includes records of the counterpart firm in London, Allan & Ellis, as well as those of several subsidiary companies organized in Lynchburg and in Amherst County, Va., to buy and sell tobacco.

The Emergence of Advertising in America, 1850-1920 (Selections from the Collections of Duke University)

This American Memory online collection presents over 9,000 images relating to the early history of advertising in the United States. The materials, drawn from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University, include cookbooks, photographs of billboards, print advertisements, trade cards, calendars, almanacs, and leaflets for a multitude of products. Together, they illuminate the early evolution of this most ubiquitous feature of modern American business and culture. It should be noted that these primary historical documents reflect the attitudes, perspectives, and beliefs of different times. The Library of Congress and Duke University do not endorse the views expressed in these collections.

Emigrant Savings Bank Records, 1841-1945. Microform Reading Room

The Emigrant Savings Bank was established in New York City in 1850 by the Irish Emigrant Society, an organization founded for the protection of immigrants from Ireland. This collection consists of selected records of the bank, particularly records pertaining to the Irish Emigrant Society, and data about the bank's depositors and borrowers. Society and bank records document the social history of Irish immigrants on either side of the Atlantic. Bank records contain information about deposit accounts, real estate, buildings and investments.

The Extel records [microform] : archives of the Exchange Telegraph Co. Ltd., 1872-1966. Microform Reading Room

Extel (the Exchange Telegraph company) was founded in 1872. Its first job was to lay down the first telegraphic cable on the Atlantic seabed to electronically connect London and New York.

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 F

James A. Farley papers, 1790-1976. Manuscript Division
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James Farley was a business executive, a Postmaster General, and politician. He is remembered as one of the greatest business minds and salesmen of the 20th century for guiding and remaining at the helm of Coca-Cola International for over 30 years. He was one of the people responsible for the company's global expansion as a quasi-government agency in World War II.

Farm Security Administration. Office of War Information (OWI) Collection: Photographs of American life taken by FSA photographers, 1935-42. Prints and Photographs Division

Includes photographs relating to various US industries, individual companies, industrial facilities and office buildings, child labor, factory workers, migrant laborers, construction projects, shipbuilding, and railroads. Selected images may be searched and viewed online.

[Related OWI materials on the spread and classification of rumors, and jokes told by students and other citizens about the war effort are available in the World War II Rumor Project Collection in the American Folklife Center. The Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division holds nearly fifty thousand acetate disc recordings of foreign and domestic radio broadcasts used in support of the war effort which were transferred to the Library of Congress by the OWI in the U. S. Office of War Information (OWI) Collection ]

Papers of the Federal Reserve System. Microform Reading Room

Legislation, major speeches, essays, and special reports from the Federal Reserve (1913-1960) -- Minutes of meetings of the Federal Open Market Committee (1923-1975).

History of the Federal Trade Commission, 1963-1969. Microform Reading Room

This collection includes a narrative history and a selection of supplementary documents, news summaries and releases, memos, reports, addresses, and remarks.

Records of the Federal Trade Commission. Microform Reading Room

Created by the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, the FTC was given wide-ranging authority to combat unfair methods of competition in business. This collection was filmed from the holdings of the Federal Record Center and includes agency working documents and detailed records of the FTC investigation of the petroleum industry.

Charles Bowdoin Fillebrown papers, 1879-1928. Manuscript Division
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Charles Bowdoin Fillebrown was an Economist and an author. The collection comprises of correspondence, speeches, and printed matter relating to Fillebrown's promotion of the single tax and the activities of the Massachusetts Single Tax League.

John Fisher papers, 1777-1802 (bulk 1779-1782). Manuscript Division
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John Fisher was a military supply agent and merchant. The collection is made up of correspondence, memoranda, accounts, purchase and delivery orders, receipts, requisitions, invoices, and other financial and mercantile records relating primarily to Fisher's Revolutionary War service as assistant deputy quartermaster at Fishkill, N.Y., and to his mercantile activities in New York.

Edward Frost papers, 1795-1901. Manuscript Division
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Edward Frost was a planter, businessman, state legislator, and district attorney for South Carolina. This collection includes political, legal, and business records, appointments, wills, estate and plantation accounts, ledgers, and memorabilia relating to Frost's service as district attorney and states' rights delegate from Charleston to the South Carolina legislature and his interest in the Blue Ridge Railroad Company where he served as president.

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Albert Gallatin papers, 1761-1880. [microfilm] Manuscript Division
Albert Gallatin papers, 1783-1847. Manuscript Division

Albert Gallatin served as Secretary of the Treasury from May 14, 1801 to February 8, 1814. He founded the University of the City of New York in 1831 which in 1896, this university was renamed New York University Finding aid available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Reading Room.

Galloway-Maxcy-Markoe families papers, 1654-1888. Manuscript Division
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Correspondence, business records, financial records, legal documents, speeches, reports, essays, memoranda, and other papers of members of the Galloway, Maxcy (Maxey), and Markoe families relating to economic conditions in Maryland and foreign affairs and political events in the 1840s and 1850s.

Garfinckel's Department Store records, 1919-1981. Manuscript Division
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Washington, D.C., department store. Correspondence, press releases, newspaper clippings, and photographs documenting the store's officers, personnel, organization, expansion, and advertising.

Germany's Business Leaders, 1400-1917. Microform Reading Room

This collection documents the economic transformation of Germany between 1815 and 1914. Included are the biographies of many commercial, entrepreneurial as well as philosophical role models, and the corporate histories of small and medium-sized, consumer-oriented industries located in the eastern half of the nation (especially the capital city).

Gibbs Archive: The Papers of Antony Gibbs & Sons, 1744-1953. Microform Reading Room

Antony Gibbs & Sons Ltd was a prominent London merchant and banking firm owned by the Gibbs family of Devonshire and Aldenham. This archive contains family papers of the Gibbs family. It also contains records of the evolution of the family business together with the business records of associated companies, and provides valuable information about the business community in various European countries as well as Latin America, New Zealand and South Africa.

John Glassford and Company records, 1743-1886 Manuscript Division

Mercantile firm. Ledgers, journals, daybooks, inventories, cashbooks, and letterbooks of the various mercantile firms in Maryland and Virginia representing or succeeding the Glasgow, Scotland, firm of John Glassford and Company in the Chesapeake tobacco trade.

The Global Financial and Economic Crisis. Microform Reading Room

Provides a multi-disciplinary, policy-focused examination of the global economy focusing on the Global Financial Crisis (2008-2009) with essential reports, analyses, and working papers focusing on the complex changes in the global economy, including the emerging patterns of financial, trade, and human capital flows and their effect on national economies; the effect of globalization on state capacity, policy autonomy, and national economic conditions; the relationship between economic, political, and social outcomes; corporate governance and competition; and the interaction of interest groups, states, and multilateral agreement and organizations.

E.A. Goldenweiser papers (Emanuel Alexandrovich), 1911-1952 Manuscript Division
View finding aid [PDF format: 2.4 MB/9 p.]

Correspondence, memoranda, speeches, reports, notes, congressional testimony, and other papers relating chiefly to Goldenweiser's service as director of the Division of Research and Statistics, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).

Leo Goodman papers, 1913-1982 (bulk 1937-1970). Manuscript Division
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Correspondence, memoranda, speeches and writings, subject files, appointment calendars, and other papers documenting Goodman's career as a labor activist, a statistician known particularly for developing statistical methods for the social sciences, and a lobbyist concerned with adequate and affordable housing and safety for workers in atomic energy.

Duff Green papers, 1716-1883 (bulk 1827-1845). Manuscript Division
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Duff Green was a journalist, politician, as well as an entrepreneur, and industrial promoter. In 1825, in Washington, D.C., he bought and later edited, The United States Telegraph, which became the principal organ of Andrew Jackson's backers in the presidential election of 1828 and member of Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet." He was engaged in railway building in Georgia and Alabama and was also one of the founding associates in the incorporation of the New Mexican Railway Company. Duff Green was one of the founding members of the Pennsylvania Fiscal Agency, incorporated Nov 1, 1859 in Pennsylvania.

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Alexander Hamilton papers, 1708-1903. Manuscript Division

Delegate from New York to the United States Continental Congress, United States secretary of the treasury, United States army officer, statesman, and lawyer. Correspondence, speeches and writings, legal and financial papers, printed matter, and other papers relating to Hamilton's personal life and public career, especially his service as an aide to George Washington during the Revolutionary War, his participation in the United States Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, his service as United States secretary of the treasury, his New York law practice, and his service as inspector general of the army. Served as the first Secretary of the Treasury from September 11, 1789 until January 31, 1795.

Charles S. Hamlin papers, 1869-1968 (bulk 1880-1938) Manuscript Division

Charles S. Hamlin was the first Chairman of the Federal Reserve. Correspondence, diaries, speeches, writings, biographical notes, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, printed matter, and other papers relating chiefly to Hamlin's service in the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury and the Federal Reserve System; Hamlin's civic affairs; and his family's social life in Washington, D.C. Topics include leaders and policies of the Democratic Party especially during the Grover Cleveland, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin D. Roosevelt administrations and Hamlin's law practice in Boston, Mass.

Harper's magazine records, 1847-1983. Manuscript Division
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Collection includes editorial, production, and business records including correspondence, reports, drafts of articles, and galleys for monthly issues of Harper's Magazine, a compendium of social commentary, news, history, criticism, poetry and fiction.

W. Averell Harriman papers, 1869-1988. Manuscript Division
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Averell Harriman was a diplomat, entrepreneur and politician who established W.A. Harriman & Co a banking business in 1922. This later turned into the highly successful Wall Street firm Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. after being joined by his brother Roland and merging with Brown Bros. & Co. He was the 11th Secretary of Commerce of the United States under President Truman. The collection includes correspondence, family papers, business records, and other papers documenting Harriman's career in business, finance, politics, and public service.

The files of Walter W. Heller during his term as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors, 1961-1964 [microform]. Manuscript Division

Files of Walter W. Heller during his term as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors, 1961-1964.

Lewis Graham Hines papers, 1916-1959. Manuscript Division
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Labor leader and public official. Correspondence, speeches and writings, subject files, scrapbooks, printed matter, and miscellaneous material relating to Hines's activities in organized labor, especially with the American Federation of Labor, headed Pennsylvania's Department of Labor and Industry, and was a member of the Department of Labor's Advisory Committee on Farm Labor.

R. Hoe & Company records, 1831-1948. Manuscript Division
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R. Hoe was a company that manufactured printing presses and saws in New York. Business and family correspondence, letter books, subject files, financial records, advertising material, and legal records relating to the company.

John Holker papers, 1777-1822. Manuscript Division
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John Holker was a merchant and French consul general in the United States. Included are correspondence, invoice book of Jacques-Donatien Leray de Chaumont, depositions taken before Benjamin Franklin, and navigational exercise booklets of George W. Stillman, relating to French military and economic assistance to the United States and American commerce during and after the Revolutionary War.

Samuel Hooper papers, 1829-1874. Manuscript Division
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Samuel Hooper was a businessman and U.S. congressman from Massachusetts. He was employed as an agent for an importing firm and traveled extensively in foreign countries. He later moved on from this in 1832 and engaged in the importing business in Boston, MA, then later the iron business.

Frederick Cecil Horner papers, 1917-1960. Manuscript Division
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Frederick Cecil Horner was a transportation engineer and executive with General Motors Corporation. These are personal and business files consisting of correspondence, diaries, memoir, memoranda, reports, speeches, printed matter, newspaper clippings, and photographs documenting Horner's career in transportation, chiefly as a General Motors executive. The collection reflects the development of motor truck and bus transportation in the United States and abroad and efforts to coordinate these modes with railroad transport.

Theodor Horydczak Collection Prints and Photographs Division

Includes images of Washington DC area industries and construction sites.

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Joseph Ingraham journal, 1790-1792. Manuscript Division
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Joseph Ingraham was an American navigator, trader, and explorer who was involved in commercial trade, especially Fur trade with China, and who also discovered several islands as captain of the brig Hope.

International annual reports collection, 1986-1987. Business Reference Collection

Annual reports of 3500 non-U.S. corporations from forty countries throughout the world, compiled by the Center for International Financial Analysis Inc.

Reports and summary proceedings of the International Monetary Fund, 1946-1974. Microform Reading Room

A collection of information and data on major national and international financial and economic indicators such as GNP's, trade and monetary reserves, credit and exchange rates, and the IMF's own interventions and policies.

International trade, 1971-1981. Microform Reading Room

A collection of special studies that gather and analyze information on a wide range of issues relating to international trade. These studies were done by government, or by university or corporation think tanks under contract for the U.S. government. Supplemental collection covers the years 1982-2003 and contain studies on issues related to international trade and done by government, or by university or corporation think tanks. It is part of the Special studies series (University Publications of America, Inc.) which also includes sets on Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, Soviet Union, and Vietnam and Southeast Asia.
International trade: special studies, 1982-1985.
International trade: special studies, 1985-1988
International trade. 1989-1998 supplement.
International trade. 1999-2003.

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Neil Jamieson papers, 1757-1789 (bulk 1760-1776). Manuscript Division

Neil Jamieson was a resident partner of the tobacco trading firm Glassford, Gordon, Monteath & Co., of Glasgow, Scotland. The collection includes business correspondence (1760-1776) relating to Jamieson's role in the tobacco firm and to various mercantile enterprises in North America and the West Indies, especially Antigua.

Records of the Japan-U.S. Economic Group Microform Reading Room

The Japan-United States Economic Relations Group was made up of eight private citizens whose task it was to make recommendations to Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira and President Jimmy Carter on factors affecting the economic relationship between their two countries. The documents reproduced in this publication are records of the Carter Administration, 1977-1981, in the custody of the Jimmy Carter Library.

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Kern County Survey Collection: Photographs of agriculture and industry in Kern County, California, 1880's Prints and Photographs Division

Includes photographs of ranch buildings, livestock, the processing of fruit and ground crops, methods of irrigation, and antimony mining operations. Captions provide geographical, historical, and commercial information for each scene.

The Keynes papers: the John Maynard Keynes papers, King's College, Cambridge. Microform Reading Room

John Maynard Keynes was a British economist whose ideas have profoundly affected the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, in addition to forming the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics, as well as its various offshoots. The collection consists of economic and personal papers of J.M. Keynes along with the personal papers of his wife, Lydia Lopokova.

Saul Kolodny papers, 1940-1983. Manuscript Division
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Saul Kolodny was an American economist. Correspondence, reports, memoranda, graphs, charts, printed matter, and photograph albums pertaining to Saul Kolodny's career as an economist for the sugar industry.

George Korson recordings of Pennsylvania coal miners American Folklife Center

Pennsylvania mining songs forming part of American industrial folklore.

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Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway system records, 1849-1909. Microform Reading Room

The railway system was formed in 1869 by the merger of four railroads, the Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana Railroad Company; the Cleveland and Toledo Railroad Company; the Cleveland, Painesville, and Ashtabula Rail Road Company; and the Buffalo & Erie Rail Road. In 1914 it was merged into the New York Central system. The line was controlled by the Vanderbilt family and eventually connected to the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad to create a totally controlled railroad linking New York City with Chicago. This collection consists entirely of financial records of the Lake Shore System. The records include daybooks, ledgers, journals, stock ledgers and listings of stock transfers. These materials contain information on the types of supplies used by the railroads, salaries paid to various personnel, and names of individuals and companies that invested in the railroad industry.

John Richardson Latimer papers, 1679-1906 (bulk 1824-1833). Manuscript Division

Correspondence, account books, orders, bills of lading, ledgers, daybooks, cashbooks, invoices, bills, receipts, and other business records when Latimer, a Merchant and business agent from Wilmington, resided in Canton (Guangzhou), China, and traded in opium and other commodities. The papers also relate to trade between merchants of China, England, India, Pacific area, and the U.S.

R.C. Leffingwell letterbooks, 1917-1920 Manuscript Division

United States assistant secretary of the treasury. Letters relating to war debts and loans, post-World War I financing, and bond drives signed by Leffingwell during his term as assistant secretary of the treasury and by other Treasury Department officials.

Abba Ptachya Lerner papers, 1929-1986. Manuscript Division
Finding aid.

Abba Ptachya Lerner was an American economist, professor, and advisor. He is famous for several accomplishments in the field of economics: such as the use of fiscal policy and monetary policy as the twin tools of Keynesian economics, the development of a model of market socialism which became known as the Third Way, and the development of the concept of distributive efficiency.

Arthur D. Little papers, 1884-1973. Manuscript Division
Finding aid

Arthur D. Little is an international management consulting firm originally founded in 1886 by Arthur Dehon Little, an MIT chemist, and co-worker Roger B. Griffin. Arthur D. Little pioneered the concept of contracted professional services and the company played key roles in the development of business strategy, operations research, the word processor, the first synthetic penicillin, LexisNexis, and NASDAQ.

Ernest Irving Lewis papers, 1897-1944. Manuscript Division

Correspondence, subject files, drafts of speeches and writings, newspaper clippings, printed material and other papers, relating principally to Lewis' work (1921-1944) at the Interstate Commerce Commission as a transportation specialist and as chairman (1929-1932), his interest in railroad regulation and consolidation, and to Indiana politics and the Republican Party.

Sol M. Linowitz papers, 1778-1999. Manuscript Division
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Besides having helped negotiate the return of the Panama Canal to Panama under the direction of President Jimmy Carter, Sol Linowitz was a one time chairman of the Xerox Corporation. This collection includes correspondences, speeches and writings, interviews, an oral history, organizational records, reports, photographs, printed matter, clippings, and travel files documenting Linowitz's career.

Raymond Loewy papers, 1929-1988. Manuscript Division
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Industrial designer known for working for Pennsylvania Railroad, Studebaker, Coke, Greyhound. Correspondence; administrative, client, and project files; and financial and legal papers relating to Loewy's work as an industrial designer and documenting the growth of his company from a small firm to a complex system of international corporations and subsidiaries concerned with architecture, corporate image coordination, exhibitions, marketing, packaging, product design, and other aspects of industrial design.

Low-Mills family papers, 1767-1971. Manuscript Division
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The Low-Mills are a prominent family engaged in China trade. The collection is made up of papers concerning the family's activities in the China trade and the journal of Harriet Low Hillard documenting her stay in Macau from 1829-1834.

Nicholas Low papers, 1773-1897. Manuscript Division
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New York merchant, financier, land speculator, and state legislator. Family and business correspondence, business and ship's papers, legal papers, accounts of voyages to Asia, Europe, and South America, and printed matter make up the collection. Includes correspondence with foreign merchants and relates to trade conditions, Loyalist matters, and to events in Congress during the first session following the adoption of the Constitution.

Henry Robinson Luce papers, 1917-1967. Manuscript Division
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Henry Robinson Luce was an editor, publisher, and philanthropist. He formed the Time Inc. Company together with lifelong partner Briton Hadden, and launched such magazines as Time, Life, Fortune and Sports Illustrated. Correspondence and memoranda, speeches and writings, financial and property records, reports, printed matter, newspaper clippings, and biographical data are part of this collection.

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Franklin MacVeagh papers, 1799-1934. Manuscript Division

Correspondence; memoranda; speeches; subject files; business, legal, and financial records; family papers; autobiographical material; newspaper clippings; scrapbook; printed matter; and other papers relating primarily to MacVeagh's service as U.S. secretary of the treasury under President William H. Taft and to MacVeagh's roles as Chicago businessman, banker, civic reformer, patron of the arts, and politician.

Business records of Lorenzo Margati, 1845-1887. Manuscript Division

Correspondence and accounts of Lorenzo Margati and his son, José, merchants. The papers of the father relate to trade in the Philippines and contain information on crops, prices, labor, and the rates of hiring and repairing vessels. José Margati's records are concerned largely with the textile mills of the Boston firm of George C. Richardson & Co.

William Gibbs McAdoo papers. Manuscript Division

William McAdoo was a U.S. Senator, United States Secretary of the Treasury (1913 to 1918) and director of the United States Railroad Administration (USRA).

Robert S. McNamara papers, 1934-2009. Manuscript Division
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Robert McNamara was an American business executive who served as President of the World Bank from 1968 to 1981 following his service as secretary of defense under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Prior to public service, McNamara helped rebuild Ford Motor Company after World War II, and briefly served as Ford's President. The collection includes papers relating primarily to McNamara's private and public life following his service as secretary of defense, including his leadership of the World Bank, his role as counselor and adviser to various private corporations and nonprofit organizations and foundations. Open to research but classified, in part.

Eugene Meyer papers, 1864-1970. Manuscript Division
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During World War I and for a few years after Meyer was head of the War Finance Corporation. Later President Calvin Coolidge named him as chairman of the Federal Farm Loan Board and in 1930 was appointed Chairman of the Federal Reserve where he served until 1933. During World War II he served on the National Defense Mediation Board and after the war was the 1st president of the World Bank. Correspondence, memoranda, minutes, diaries, oral history interviews, speeches, writings, congressional testimony, press statements, family papers, biographical material, financial records, printed matter, scrapbooks, photographs, and other papers relating to Meyer's career as a financier, public official, and publisher of the Washington Post. Materials pertaining to the Washington Post relate chiefly to the business aspects of advertising, circulation, public relations, and syndication.
Related item: Agnes Elizabeth Ernst Meyer papers.

Adolph Caspar Miller papers, 1913-1947 Manuscript Division

Economist, educator, author, and member of the first Federal Reserve Board of Governors. Correspondence, memoranda, minutes, proceedings, writings, reports, speeches, notes, press releases, printed material, memorabilia, and other papers relating chiefly to Miller's service as a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 1914-1936.

Garret Minor papers, 1765-1798. Manuscript Division

Garret Minor was a Sawmill owner and merchant of Louisa County, Va. Included are ledgers of accounts of Minor's sawmill and store, with material relating to Thomas Jefferson's account and to land speculation; correspondence relating to land speculation in Wilkes and Elbert counties, Ga.

Henry Morgenthau papers, 1795-1941 Manuscript Division

Businessman and diplomat. Diaries, correspondence, letterbooks, family papers, speeches and writings, subject files, printed matter, memorabilia, and other papers relating chiefly to Morgenthau's service as ambassador to Turkey, other diplomatic efforts, involvement in Democratic Party politics, and as a philanthropist. Morgenthau was Treasury Secretary under President Franklin Roosevelt.

Robert Morris papers, 1775-1829. Manuscript Division View finding aid

Morris was a superintendent of finance for the Continental Congress during the Revolution, a merchant, a land speculator, and a statesman. The collection comprises of correspondence, letterbooks, journals and proceedings of the Continental Congress, accounts, and other papers relating to the financing of the American government and its forces during the Revolution.

Multinational Corporation, OPEC, cartels, foreign investment, and technology transfer, 1971-1981. Microform Reading Room

A collection of studies in the fields of business and economics conducted by government research agencies such as the Industry and Trade Administration, the Bureau of Economic Analysis, and the National Science Foundation, as well as reports done under contract by some of the nation's leading think tanks and research centers (SRI, NBER) and a number of universities and consulting firms. Sample titles of the reports are "Foreign ownership of U.S. real estate" and "The sale of technology through licensing". Related collections cover the years 1982-1985 and 1985-1988.

Multinational corporations, OPEC, cartels, foreign investment, and technology transfer: special studies, 1982-1985. Microform Reading Room

An extension of the earlier collection (on multinational corporation, OPEC, cartels, foreign investment, and technology transfer), into the mid 1980's with reports on advanced technology transfer, third world multinationals, and the social impacts of multinationals. Related to two other collections covering the years 1971-1981 and 1985-1988.

Multinational corporations, OPEC, cartels, foreign investment, and technology transfer: special studies, 1985-1988: [supplement]. Microform Reading Room

A collection of government-contracted studies in the fields of business and economics, by universities, corporations, think tanks, and individuals. Related to collections covering the years 1971-1981 and 1982-1985.

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National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Collection: Noncurrent records and photographs of the NAACP Manuscript Division and Prints and Photographs Division

Includes material relating to the organization's concerns with segregation and discrimination in business and labor disputes.

National Broadcasting Company history files, 1922-1986 Recorded Sound Reference Center, Motion Picture, Broadcasting & Recorded Sound Division

The National Broadcasting Company History files document the activities of the first national broadcasting network in the United States. The collection includes memoranda, correspondence, speeches, reports, policy statements, and pamphlets covering the creation of the network, its growth in the field of radio, and its subsequent expansion into television broadcasting.

National Child Labor Committee Collection Photographs by Lewis Hine Manuscript Division

Includes official records, correspondence, speeches, reports, press releases, and clippings, accompanying the Lewis Hine Photographs in the Prints and Photographs Division [see below].

National Child Labor Committee Collection Photographs by Lewis HinePrints and Photographs Division

Includes approximately 5000 photographic prints and 225 glass negatives. Accompanying records, correspondence, speeches, reports, press releases, and clippings are available through the Manuscript Division [see above].

National Consumers' League records, 1882-1986. Manuscript Division
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The National Consumers League was founded in 1899 to monitor the conditions under which goods were manufactured and distributed. Correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, speeches, project and program files, legal files, scrapbooks, printed material, and other records relating to the league's efforts toward reform in public health, consumer protection, public welfare, and fair labor standards.

National Economy Under President Johnson: Administrative Histories. Microform Reading Room

A collection of official administrative histories of the Bureau of the Budget, the Federal Reserve System, the Department of the Treasury, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the Council of Economic Advisers, as well as numerous supporting documents from the Johnson years.

National Urban League records, 1900-1988 Manuscript Division

Civil rights organization. Correspondence, minutes of meetings, speeches, reports, surveys, statistical data, financial and legal records, scrapbooks, printed material, and other records relating to the programs and policies of the league and its affiliates.

National Women's Trade Union League of America records, 1903-1950. Manuscript Division
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The Women's Trade Union League was a U.S. organization formed in 1903 to support the efforts of women to organize labor unions and to eliminate sweatshop conditions. The collection is composed of correspondences, reports, speeches, notes, and printed matter, including minutes of meetings, proceedings of national conventions and international congresses of working women, biographical material on the league's officers, and correspondence between local and national leagues.

Maurice F. Neufeld papers, 1919-1990 Manuscript Division

Labor historian, labor arbitrator, and labor relations consultant, and public official of New York. Correspondence, memoranda, diaries, biographical material, orders, reports, clippings, printed matter, and other papers relating chiefly to Neufeld's service in the New York State government; as an executive officer in the Allied Military Government, Italy; as professor at Cornell University's New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Ithaca, New York; and as labor relations consultant for the Xerox Corporation, Stamford, Connecticut.

New York World-Telegram and Sun Collection: News photographs, 1920-1960's Prints and Photographs Division

Includes photographs relating to New York transportation, labor problems, and housing.

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Occupation of Japan: economic reform, 1945-1952. Microform Reading Room

A collection of selected documents on Japanese industry, agriculture, natural resources, trade, development, scientific research, and education, produced by the Supreme Commander for Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan and other U.S. government agencies during the seven year period.

David Ogilvy papers, 1935-1966. Manuscript Division
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David Ogilvy was an English advertising executive and has often been called "The Father of Advertising." Included in the collection are correspondences, advertising proposals, market research reports, speeches, writings, and printed matter relating primarily to Ogilvy's advertising career as an executive and businessman.

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Palmer-Loper family papers, 1667-1994 Manuscript Division

Seafaring and merchant families. Correspondence, logbooks and journals, ships' papers, financial and business records, and printed matter documenting the voyages and business activities of Nathaniel Brown Palmer, Alexander Smith Palmer, Richard Fanning Loper, and other members of these maritime families of Stonington, Connecticut.

Working in Paterson Project collection, 1993-2002 American Folklife Center

The collection consists of manuscripts, sound recordings, photographs, artifacts, publications, and ephemera from an ethnographic field project conducted by the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, which documented occupational culture in Paterson, New Jersey in 1994. Subjects include the textile industry, industrial architecture, machine shops, labor unions, family owned businesses, dressmaking, and ethnic restaurants. A single manufacturing firm, Watson Machine International, was the focus of an in-depth study. The project focused on the ways in which community life and values are shaped by work and how the theme of work intersects with other themes, namely family, ethnicity, gender, neighborhood, religion, and change over time.

Michael Pertschuk papers, 1949-2002. Manuscript Division View finding aid

Correspondence, memoranda, email, speeches, statements, book files, subject files, and other papers primarily concerning Pertschuk's career as chairman and commissioner of the Federal Trade Commission and consumer and tobacco control issues.

Willard P. Phillips papers, 1837-1887 (bulk 1842-1850). Manuscript Division

Correspondence, primarily 1842-50, relating chiefly to trade by this merchant from the Philippines and China to Salem, Massachusetts.

Pinkerton's National Detective Agency records, 1853-1999 Manuscript Division

Private detective agency directed by the Pinkerton family to protect interests of clients in business and industry. The records include business and family correspondence, biographical and genealogical records, administrative records such as procedural guidelines and training manuals, and criminal case files which include correspondence, reports, photographs, legal documents, and printed matter.

Publishers' Catalogs Annual. Microform Reading Room

Similar in some respects to Publishers Trade List Annual, this collection provides considerably broader scope, since it does not charge publishers for inclusion, and therefore publishes both a greater number and more complete catalogs. Approximately 2,000 catalogs are included each year in this microform collection, about four times the number in PTLA. Small and specialized publishers are well represented in the collection.

Publishers' Trade List Annual. Microform Reading Room

The PTLA is an annual collection of publishers' catalogs arranged alphabetically by publisher's name. The catalogs are not compiled according to any uniform system, thus the amount of information given about books varies greatly, ranging from full information and occasional notes in some lists to short title and price in others. In general, dates of publication are omitted. Only books in print at the time of the catalogs' issuance are listed. Up to 1963, the PTLA was the primary source for identifying new titles. See also Publishers Catalogs Annual.

Joseph Pulitzer papers, 1897-1958 (bulk 1925-1955). Manuscript Division
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Joseph Pulitzer was a newspaper publisher and editor of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World. The papers include family and general correspondence, business files, and personal financial papers relating primarily to Pulitzer's editorship of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

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Railroad Maps, 1828-1900. Geography and Map Division

Includes progress report surveys for individual lines, official government surveys, promotional maps and route guides by individual firms which help document the development of U.S. industry and agriculture.

William B. Randolph papers, 1696-1884. Manuscript Division
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William B. Randolph was a Virginia plantation owner. Included are correspondence, legal and financial records and miscellaneous material reflecting the life of a plantation owner in Virginia prior to the Civil War, with particular emphasis on the economics of managing an extensive plantation worked by a large force of slaves.

Recessions, depressions, and economic panics in American history: collection of sources. Microform Reading Room

A collection of documents from the early 1800s through the 1970s, dealing with economic disturbances in American history, and including such topics as unemployment, the bullion controversies, interest rates, free trade, the Bank of the United States, inflation, and government spending.

Record industry publicity collection, 1937-1979. Recorded Sound Reference Center, Motion Picture, Broadcasting & Recorded Sound Division
View finding aid

Collection includes press releases, record catalogs, radio program scripts, promotional posters, monthly publications about new record releases, and other materials advertising sound recordings.

The Records of the Virginia Company of London.
Hathi Trust Digital Library has Volume 1 in full text.External Link

The London Company was an English joint stock company established by royal charter by King James I with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. This is a Microfilm collection but is also found in print as well. Related resource: Virginia Company Archives External Link

George Redington papers, 1804-1907. Manuscript Division
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Redington was a legislator, judge, lawyer, businessman and land agent. Collection includes correspondence, legal documents and business records of George Redington, his brother James, and other family members documenting their business and legal activities in New York State. The collection spans the years 1804-1907 with the bulk of the papers dating from 1825 to 1850.

Reference book. Microform Reading Room v. [1]- ; 1859-

The credit reference book published by Dun & Bradstreet. Each volume is organized by state and then by county, city, or township. Related material is the Bradstreet's Book of Commercial Ratings.

Donald T. Regan papers, 1919-1993. Manuscript Division
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The collection contains correspondence, memoranda, chronological and subject files, speeches and engagements file, personal file, scrapbooks, and other papers documenting Donald T. Regan's government service as the 66th United States Secretary of the Treasury and Chief of Staff in the Ronald Reagan Administration, where he advocated "Reaganomics" and tax cuts to create jobs and stimulate production.

Riggs family papers, 1763-1945 Manuscript Division

Merchant and banking family of New York, New York, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Washington, D.C. Family and business correspondence, diaries, account books, writings, financial records, biographical and genealogical papers, printed materials, and other papers of Riggs family members.

Alice M. Rivlin papers, 1963-1988. Manuscript Division
Finding aid.

Alice M. Rivlin was an economist, a former U.S. Cabinet official. She served as the Vice Chairman of the Federal Reserve, the Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget, and the first Director of the Congressional Budget Office. Collection includes: correspondences, memoranda, reports, speeches and other writings, congressional testimony, printed materials, newspaper clippings, and photographs pertaining to Rivlin's career as an economist.

Edmund Roberts papers, 1803-1905 (bulk 1832-1836). Manuscript Division
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Edmund Roberts was a merchant as well as a diplomat for the United States. He was appointed by President Andrew Jackson as America's first envoy to the Far East where he negotiated trade treaties with Siam, Muscat, and Cochin China.

Papers of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. [microform] / editor, Glenn Porter. Bethesda, MD : University Publications of America, c1991.

Finding aids to the set are available online.
Part 1: Business Correspondence External Link [PDF format: 1.77 MB/57 p.]
Part 2: Business Investements Correspondence External Link [PDF format: 2.12 MB/72 p.]
Parts 3 and 4: Office Correspondence, Index to letterbox External Link [PDF format: 3.98 MB/134 p.]

Kermit Roosevelt and Belle Roosevelt papers, 1725-1975. Manuscript Division
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Kermit founded Roosevelt Steamship Company later merged into the United States Lines. Collection includes correspondence, diaries, family papers, speeches, writings, subject files, military records, business and financial records, photographs, scrapbooks, printed matter, and other material reflecting many aspects of the Roosevelts' social, personal, and business activities make up this collection.

Richard Rush collection. 1795-1876, 1805-1852 Manuscript Division

Richard Rush served as Secetary of the Treasury from March 7, 1825 to March 5, 1829. He was also Attorney General and Comptroller of the Treasury under James Madison.

Russell & Co., Guangzhou, China, records, 1812-1894 Manuscript Division

Trading house founded in 1819 by Samuel Russell in Guangzhou (Canton), China. Correspondence, financial and legal records, and miscellany relating to the company and its founder, Samuel Russell (1789-circa 1862), and members of his family.

William R. Russell papers, 1858-1889. Manuscript Division

Correspondence of Russell, a soldier in the 13th Regiment National Guard Infantry of New York, with his parents in Washington, D.C., and other members of his family, relating to family affairs and his business in general hardware, cutlery, and guns.

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Sanborn Fire Insurance Map Collections: Insurance maps of U.S. cities, late nineteenth and twentieth centuries Geography and Map Division

Patrons onsite at the Library of Congress may use an online collection of these maps created from ProQuest Information and Learning's microfilm collection of 660,000 Sanborn Maps, which were filmed from the Library of Congress' collection. Includes more than 660,000 large-scale maps of over 12,000 American towns and cities.

Lewis B. Schwellenbach papers, 1916-1958. Manuscript Division
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Lewis B. Schwellenbach was a United States Senator from Washington, a jurist, lawyer, and a United States Secretary of Labor. He changed the Labor Department from a department primarily interested in statistical information gathering to a policy-making department, actively trying to conciliate labor with management and promote a high-wage economy based on unionized labor.

John Selman letterbook, 1791-1797. Manuscript Division

Letterbook containing correspondence, receipts, accounts, and other records documenting Selman's mercantile firm in Marblehead, Massachusetts.

The Nathaniel and Thomas Shaw papers, 1777-1782. Manuscript Division

During the American Revolution, Nathaniel Shaw was a leading shipping merchant of New London, Connecticut. His vessels were engaged regularly in West Indies trade, shipping, lumber, cattle and other provisions to the islands and bringing back sugar and molasses. An active partisan for the colonies, he was appointed as a naval agent for the Continental Congress in 1776 and acted as agent of the Colony (Connecticut) for naval supplies and taking care of sick seamen.

Shipping Collection, 1749-1915. Microform Reading Room

Included here are ships' journals, invoices, manifests, lists of crews, clearance papers and other documents related to shipping chiefly from Connecticut ports in the 18th and 19th centuries. There is a small quantity of papers from Massachusetts, New York and elsewhere.

James Fowler Simmons papers, 1771-1939. Manuscript Division
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James Fowler Simmons was a manufacturer who owned several cotton and yarn manufacturing enterprises. He was also a political leader and a United States Senator from Rhode Island. Included in this collection are correspondence, family letters, memoranda, legal documents, account books, photographs, and printed matter relating to Simmons's cotton and yarn manufacturing enterprises and to public matters including the tariff and political conditions in Rhode Island.

Sotheby & Co. Catalogues of Sales, 1733-1980. Microform Reading Room

This collection contains the continuous sales record of the company from 1734 to 1980. The items auctioned are included in the following categories: autographed letters; art objects; pictorial art; books; coins; medals; Western and Oriental manuscripts.

Herman K. Crofoot collection of Francis Elias Spinner papers, 1792-1908 (bulk 1825-1891). Manuscript Division
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Correspondence, scrapbooks, autographs, clippings, printed matter, photographs, and other papers chiefly concerning Spinner's service as U. S. representative from New York and U.S. Treasurer. Includes letterbook of letters written by Spinner while he was cashier of the Mohawk Valley Bank.

Papers of the St. Louis fur trade [microform]. Manuscript Division
Online guide to the collection External Link [PDF format: 1.45MB / 63 p.]

Much of the collection is the papers of the Chouteau family of St. Louis. Part 1 of this collection contains what is known as the Chouteau Collection and contains correspondence primarily concerns money, commerce, and the logistics of trade. Part 2 contains Fur Company Ledgers and Account Books.

Oscar S. Straus papers, 1856-1955. Manuscript Division
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Oscar S. Straus was a businessman as well as an attorney and a diplomat. He served under President Theodore Roosevelt from 1906 to 1909 as the third United States Secretary of Commerce and Labor.

Sweet's architectural trade catalog file, Avery Library, Columbia University. Microform Reading Room

Sweet's is a long time collector and publisher of sets containing trade catalogs from the various products involved in building construction. This microform set was produced from the Columbia University's Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library collection.

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Thomas Register of American Manufacturers [microform]. Science & Business Reading Room

This is a microform collection of the printed volumes of the Thomas Register of American Manufactures and begins in 1905/1906.

Ambrose W. Thompson papers, 1847-1960. Manuscript Division
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Business and family correspondence, letter books, memoranda, reports, statistical tables, patent papers, stocks and bonds, drawings, maps, and printed matter and miscellaneous material relating to Thompson's career as a businessman.

Trade catalogs from the Corning Museum of Glass [microform]. Microform Reading Room

This set is comprised of some of the catalogs of glass firms from the Corning Museum's library collection.

Trade catalogs from the Hagley Museum and Library [microform] : transportation. Microform Reading Room

This set reproduces the trade catalogs at Hagley Museum which promote vehicles and transportation equipment.

George Alfred Trenholm papers, 1853-1897. Manuscript Division

Trenholm was a Confederate Secretary of the Treasury and a cotton merchant. These volumes contain personal and official correspondence, Confederate Treasury records and archives, notes, bills, bonds, and a seal of the Confederate Treasury.

United States. Dept. of the Treasury records, 1775-1890 (bulk 1790-1850). Manuscript Division

Chiefly accounting records but also correspondence, letterbooks, circulars, daybooks, digest of laws, reports, indexes, newspapers, printed material, and other records produced by various offices of the Dept. of the Treasury reflecting a portion of the activities of the department. Subjects include military pay and pensions from the American Revolution and War of 1812, the Civil War, customs collection, property assessment in Washington, D.C. (1835), claims for losses to Indian property, claims resulting from hostilities with Spain in Florida, financial accounts of diplomatic agents to the Barbary States, a loan made by U.S. Congress in 1790, a direct tax levied on the states in 1798, the U.S. Commissioner of Insolvency. Of note is record of hire of the brigantine Ranger by the Continental Navy. Correspondents include Chester A. Arthur, Salmon P. Chase, John A. Dix, William Pitt Fessenden, John Mason, Hugh McCulloch, Stephen Pleasonton, and Richard Rush. Records of the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury were assembled by Manuscript Division staff from numerous accessions of Dept. of the Treasury records received by the Library of Congress from the Dept. of the Treasury and other sources over several years. Many of the records in this collection had previously been identified and cataloged by the Division as separate collections, which have since been brought together administratively to form this collection of Dept. of the Treasury records.

John Turner correspondence, 1793-1811. Manuscript Division

Chiefly letters to Turner, a merchant of Alexandria, Va., from Thomas Cockburn relating to personal and business matters.

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Voices from the Dust Bowl: The Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection, 1940-1941 American Folklife Center

A multi-format collection documenting the lives of migrant and displaced agricultural workers living in Farm Security Administration camps in California.

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Jeptha H. Wade Family Papers, 1771-1957. Manuscript Division

This collection comprises the papers of the family of prominent businessman Jeptha Homer Wade, Sr., the founder of Western Union Telegraph Co. The business papers are a source of information pertaining to the telegraph and early American communications.

George Walker papers, 1787-circa 1822. Manuscript Division

Chiefly letters written by Walker, a merchant and land speculator of Washington, D.C., to the mercantile firm of Huie, Reid & Company, Dumfries, Va.

The Reminiscences of Henry Agard Wallace, 1888-1965. Microform Reading Room

Henry Agard Wallace was the 33rd Vice President of the United States (1941-1945), the Secretary of Agriculture (1933-1940), and the Secretary of Commerce (1945-1946). Included in this collection are a number of transcribed telephone and personal interviews with Wallace covering such topics as his work in agriculture and in the New Deal administration under Roosevelt, as well as his years as vice-president.

Caspar W. Weinberger papers, 1910-2005 (bulk 1951-2005). Manuscript Division
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Caspar Weinberger was a Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission and Director of the Office of Management and Budget under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. He also was vice president and general counsel of Bechtel Corporation, and later Chairman of Forbes.

David Ames Wells papers, 1795-1898. Manuscript Division
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Wells was an economist, author, and public official. Collection includes: correspondence, printed material, writings, and other papers concerning economics, with particular emphasis on taxation, the tariff, and free trade. He wrote a book titled Recent Economic Changes and Their Effect on the Production and Distribution of Wealth and Well-Being of Society.

Western range cattle and other industries study papers, 1823-1947 [microform]. Manuscript Division

A reproduction of business records and personal papers, including: incorporation agreements, stockholder lists, journals, correspondence, maps, photographs, and printed matter relating to the cattle industry in Colorado, Kansas, Texas, and other areas.

Whitney & Burnham (New Orleans, La.) records, 1835-1851 Manuscript Division

Cotton mercantile firm. A diary, correspondence, letterbooks, bills, receipts, invoices, notebooks, purchase orders, and rent statements relating primarily to the cotton trade in Louisiana and Alabama.

Whitall-Smith family papers, 1825-1897. Manuscript Division

Chiefly correspondence of John Mickle Whitall, a prominent U.S. sea captain and businessman of Philadelphia, PA involved in the spice and silk trade, his wife Mary Tatum Whitall, their daughter, Hannah Whitall Smith, religious leader, and her husband, Robert Pearsall Smith, concerning family affairs and the Civil War.

Eli Whitney papers, 1716-1959. [microform] Manuscript Division

Eli Whitney was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin.

Henry A. Willard II collection, 1743-1888 (bulk 1770-1840). Manuscript Division
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Henry A. Willard II, a property owner, was a member of a merchant family of Westminster, VT, and Washington, D.C. The collection consists primarily of financial papers concerning business dealings in Westminster, VT, and Washington, D.C. Papers and records collected by Henry A. Willard II including Bradley-Willard family papers and correspondence, Willard Hotel records, miscellaneous business records.

The papers of William Davenport & Co., 1745-1797. Microform Reading Room
Detailed collection guide [PDF format: 600KB / 15 p.]

Davenport spent most of his life in the pursuit of commerce, particularly overseas trade. In company with William Whaley and others, he began investing in trading ventures with an interest in the African trade and became a slave trader. The depth and breath of the collection of business papers provides a good picture of the transatlantic slave trade.

Trade catalogues at Winterthur. Microform Reading Room
Finding aid for pt. 2.

These are trade catalogs from the Winterthur's collection dating from 1750 to 1980.

Oliver Wolcott papers, 1759-1837. [microfilm] Manuscript Division

Oliver Wolcott Jr. was appointed Comptroller of the Treasury in 1791 and later served as Secretary of the Treasury from February 3, 1795 to December 31, 1800. Son of son of Oliver Wolcott, Sr. a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence.

Women, Industry, and Trade Unionism [microform] : the Gertrude Tuckwell collection, 1890-1920. Microform Reading Room

Gertrude M. Tuckwell (1861-1951) was a British trade unionist, social worker and author. Documents collected by Tuckwell: reports and comments on factory bills, documents relating to lead poisoning, industrial law cases, regulations, sweating and related subjects; documents concerning the Women's Trade Union League 1895-1918; documents concerning conferences on women's labor; copies of publications by Tuckwell; and press clippings concerning Tuckwell.

Records of the Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor, 1918-1965. Microform Reading Room

The Women's Bureau was established in the Department of Labor on June 5, 1920. Their mission was to promote the welfare of wage-earning women and improve their working conditions. They were given the authority to authority to investigate and report to the U.S. Department of Labor upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of women in industry.

Working Papers in Economics, 1989-1991. Microform Reading Room

Papers selected from 1985-1991 output from more than 45 research centers such as the National Bureau of Economic Research, a selection of eminent American universities, foreign academic and research institutions, U.S. Government bureaus, and private organizations.

Reports and summary proceedings of the World Bank, 1946-1974. Microform Reading Room

Annual reports and summary proceedings of the meetings of the Board of Governors of the World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) through 1974. Also included are related documents from the Bank's affiliates, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the International Development Association (IDA). These documents provide details on the economic and social condition of countries which have received loans from the World Bank as well as information on Bank sponsored research in agriculture, transportation, and communication systems, and the distribution of natural resources in its role as the source of technical and financial assistance to developing nations.

Last Updated: 04/10/2014

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