|Winston Churchill to W. Averell Harriman, May 20, 1941
The German U-boat campaign and uncertain weather in the North Atlantic posed difficulties for sending American aircraft to the British forces fighting in the eastern Mediterranean. This letter concerns the routes available for shipment through neutral airspace to the jumping-off point for the South Atlantic route. Presidential advisor Averell Harriman solved the problem by arranging to have American pilots fly the planes to Natal, on the Brazilian coast, and from there to Bathurst, in Gambia, Africa—the shortest route across the ocean.
Typed letter. W. Averell Harriman Collection, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (119)© Crown copyright 1941
World War II