|Winston Churchill to the Dardanelles Committee, October 4, 1915
Throughout World War I, Churchill pushed for the development and effective use of new weapons. At the Admiralty, he was a forceful advocate of military aviation, and he played a large part in the development of "land ships," later renamed "tanks," in an effort to deceive the enemy. After he left the Admiralty, Churchill wrote this memorandum, urging the use of the new "Stokes" mortars in trench-warfare situations such as existed on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
Printed memorandum. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (66.1)© Crown copyright 1915