The Library of CongressExhibitionsChurchill Exhibition
Churchill and the Great Republic
Interactive Exhibition About the Exhibition Read More About It Acknowledgements Text Version
  Forebears and Family
Warrior for Empire
Visits to America
American Presidents
The Communicator
The Politician
World War II
Cold Warrior
The Long Sunset
American Presidents
Convinced that Anglo-American solidarity offered the best hope for the survival of liberty, Churchill carefully cultivated a close personal relationship with President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Roosevelt, in turn, admired the courageous Prime Minister and delighted in Churchill's conversational brilliance and puckish sense of humor. Their friendship helped the United States and the United Kingdom forge an alliance that won a world war and prepared the way for an enduring peace. After Roosevelt's death, Churchill told the British Parliament that he had been "the greatest American friend we have ever known, and the greatest champion of freedom who has ever brought help and comfort from the new world to the old."
Related Objects
Winston Churchill to Franklin Roosevelt, October 6, 1939
President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Winston Churchill, January 20, 1941
Extract from speaking notes for broadcast by Winston Churchill, February 9, 1941
Winston Churchill. Broadcast speech, February 9, 1941
King George VI to Winston Churchill, July 25, 1941
Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, August 9, 1941
Religious Services at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, August 10, 1941
Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. Proposed declaration, August 12, 1941
"Churchill im Weissen Haus" [Churchill at the White House], no date
In President Harry S Truman, Churchill found a firm American ally for the trials of the Cold War. After the collapse of Nazi Germany, Churchill's anti-Communist sentiments and fear of Soviet hegemony mirrored those of the President. He later described Truman as "a man of exceptional character and ability, with an outlook exactly along the line of Anglo-American relations as they had developed, simple and direct methods of speech, and a great deal of self-confidence and resolution."
Related Objects
Winston Churchill to President Harry S Truman, May 9, 1945
Harry Truman and Winston Churchill, 1945
President Harry S Truman to Winston Churchill, July 10, 1948
Edwin Marcus. New Year Callers, 1952
During World War II Churchill and Supreme Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower had worked closely and harmoniously to defeat Hitler's armies in Europe. After Eisenhower became President in 1953, they would again be leading the West in the Cold War, but separate national interests and different approaches to common problems would occasionally lead to areas of disagreement between the two men as they tried to produce a free and peaceful world. Despite these differences, however, Eisenhower and Churchill would continue to retain the respect and affection they had for each other.
Related Objects
President Dwight D. Eisenhower to Sir Winston Churchill, March 22, 1955
Sir Winston Churchill to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, April 1955
Sir Winston Churchill to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, November 12, 1953
United Press. Hail and Farewell, 1953
Although Joseph P. Kennedy, U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom at the outbreak of World War II, had been harshly critical of Winston Churchill, his son John F. Kennedy, the future President, became a great admirer. In the younger Kennedy's mind, Churchill was the embodiment of courage, and his career was the epitome of democratic leadership. As he conferred honorary American citizenship upon him in 1963, President Kennedy said: "In the dark days and darker nights when England stood alone--and most men save Englishmen despaired of England's life--he mobilized the English language and sent it into battle."
Related Objects
President John F. Kennedy to Sir Winston Churchill, July 6, 1962
The Library of CongressExhibitionsChurchill Exhibition