Bibliographic Framework Initiative (Library of Congress)

The Library of Congress > BIBFRAME > Implementation & Testing > Implememtation Register

The BIBFRAME 2.0 implementation register is established to list BIBFRAME 2.0 implementations - existing, developing, and planned. See How to Register.

BIBFRAME 1.0 implementations that were previously listed are still listed at the bottom but will be deleted in the near future.

United States Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Center Library

Application: BLUEcloud Visibility
ERDC Library has implemented SirsiDynix's BLUEcloud Visibility product, which is a BIBFRAME implementation in partnership with Zepheira. It is located at:

Contact: Molly McManus (

Updated: April 14, 2017

Stanford University

Application: Linked Data for Production (LD4P)

Description: Linked Data for Production (LD4P) is a collaboration between six institutions (Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, Library of Congress, Princeton, and Stanford) to begin the transition of technical services production workflows to ones based in Linked Open Data (LOD). This first phase of the transition focuses on the development of the ability to produce metadata as LOD communally, the enhancement of the BIBFRAME ontology to encompass the multiple resource formats that academic libraries must process, and the engagement of the broader academic library community to ensure a sustainable and extensible environment. As its name implies, LD4P is focused on the immediate needs of metadata production such as ontology coverage and workflow transition. The LD4P partners’ work will be based, in part, on a collection of tools that currently exist, such as those developed by the Library of Congress (used by LC and Stanford) andVitro (developed by Cornell and used by Cornell and Columbia). The cyclical feedback of use and enhancement request to the developers of these tools will allow for their enhancement based on use in an actual production environment. The focus of LD4P is on the adaption of this current tool suite to immediate production needs. LD4L-Labs, in turn, will focus on solutions that can be implemented in production at research libraries within the next three to five years. Their efforts will focus on the enhancement of linked data creation and editing tools, exploration of linked data relationships and analysis of the graph to directly improve discovery, BIBFRAME ontology development and piloting efforts in URI persistence, and metadata conversion tool development needed by LD4P and the broader library community. The project as a whole will be supported by the LD4P Program hosted at Stanford University.

Contact: Philip Schreur,

Updated: April 14, 2017

German National Library

Application: BIBFRAME prototype in DNB OPAC

Description: From the full presentation of a record there is an action option called "BIBFRAME-Repräsentation dieses Datensatzes" (i.e. BIBFRAME representation of this record) which triggers a conversion process based on BIBFRAME version 1.0.

An update is planned and prepared to be implemented in 2018, using BIBFRAME 2.0. Further steps will develop the prototype into a productive service, along the international developments of BIBFRAME.



Contact: Reinhold Heuvelmann

Updated: April 14, 2017

BIBFRAME 1.0 Implementations

The following BIBFRAME 1.0 Implementations were previously listed and will be deleted in the near future.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library

Description: The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library has been working to examine aspects of the BIBFRAME model related to ebooks. The intent is to test if ebooks works well with the BIBFRAME vocabulary, and the BIBFRAME model. We will convert our 300,000 ebooks from MARC to BIBFRAME. We will develop an interface for users to search for those 300,000 ebooks via the BIBFRAME model. We plan to provide the community with issues during conversion, as well as issues with work, instance, annotation, and authority for ebooks.

Contact: Qiang Jin ( )

Added to Register: April 16, 2015
Updated: July 6,2015

University College London Department of Information Studies

Application: Linked Open Bibliographic Data Project

Implementation details: A team from UCL Department of Information Studies has been awarded an Elearning Development Grant (ELDG) from UCL ELE (E-Learning Environments) to develop a Linked Open Data bibliographic dataset based on BIBFRAME. BIBFRAME enables semantic-interlinking of bibliographic datasets on the Web, and improves the interaction with web users by enabling them to access, retrieve and update bibliographic records online. The aim of this project is to develop a BIBFRAME dataset as an Open Educational Resource, which will help students learn the new standard in an interactive way, and at the same time become familiar with state-of-the art web technologies. An important aspect of the project is working with students from the MA LIS programme to develop and evaluate the resource. Full details:

Implementation status: Currently in Phase 1 Pilot,: creating a subset of data that will be published on the web.

Contact: Anne Welsh (Project Coordinator),

Added to Register: April 28, 2015

Library of Alexandria

Description: The Library of Alexandria aims to be a center of excellence for the production and dissemination of knowledge, and to be a place of dialogue and understanding between cultures and peoples. And as one of the biggest Arabic Libraries in the middle east, we would like to contribute in the conversion process, testing and tools development of the Bibframe initiative, where the BA would play a major role in the Arabic component, as its Library collection contains a variety of MARC records for books, rare books, manuscripts, serials and maps, especially in the Arabic Language.

Implementation Status/Plans.

  1. Our ICT LIS admin team with expertise in software development related to Library Information Systems is dedicated to work on and increase its manpower for this initiative.
  2. We will be testing the BIBframe vocabulary, data model, editor and tools by converting MARC records of the BA collection to Bibframe.
  3. We will contribute to the creation of new Arabic BIBFRAME records, as well as the conversion tool development for the Arabic Language.
  4. We will provide feedback on conversion issues we encounter using the tools, the BIBframe vocabulary, and the data model.
  5. A progress report can be expected by mid 2015.

Contact: LISadmin team (

Added to Register: March 26, 2015

Music Library Association (MLA)

Description: The Music Library Association is working to examine aspects related to music in the Library of Congress’s MARC to BIBFRAME Transformation Service as part of a broader effort to develop BIBFRAME profiles for music. We plan to provide feedback on conversion issues, use cases, and functional requirements, as well as to contribute to the BIBFRAME vocabulary and data model.

Our pilot project begins with an in-depth look at how medium of performance is handled in the MARC-to-BIBFRAME conversion process. We will examine technical issues such as grouping, ordinality and cardinality, and how these aspects translate to musical designations such as soloists, accompaniment, number of players to a part, instrumental and voice doubling, and instruments sharing.

Link: Music Library Association BIBFRAME Task Force blog

Contact: Kimmy Szeto (

Added to Register: November 7, 2014; Last Modified: May 5, 2015

The National Library of Medicine

  • Description:  Short Term (4-6 month) BIBRAME Experimentation Plans:
    1. Develop a more modular approach to the BIBFRAME vocabulary, by paring down the existing vocabulary to core concepts in wide use among different communities. Rather than trying to make BIBFRAME encompass all vocabulary needs of every community, we think it would be beneficial to investigate the viability of a modular approach in which a core BIBFRAME vocabulary is extended by other rdf vocabularies (e.g. MODS.rdf, RDA.rdf, PRESOO.rdf, etc.) for concepts specific to a community or resource.  We believe this approach will encourage the adoption of BIBFRAME outside the library community.
    2. Modify the Zepheira marc2bibframe conversion code to reflect a core BIBFRAME vocab and run a sample set of existing MARC records.
    3. Modify the LC BIBFRAME Editor or create an NLM profile on the Zepheira Scribe tool to represent core  BIBFRAME vocabulary terms and NLM-specific needs, and then create new bibliographic data. 
    4. Develop a transformation to convert MARC authority records into BIBFRAME supplemented by other vocabularies as needed.
    5. Set up a triple store on a server in order to save, query, and relate NLM’s BIBFRAME test data and authority files.

Contact: Nancy Fallgren (

Added to Register: April 9, 2014    Last Update: November 4, 2014

Columbia University Libraries

Description: As part of the 2CUL Technical Services Initiative, a collaboration between Cornell and Columbia University Libraries, we are testing the BF vocabulary and data model by converting MARC and MODS records for all formats from Columbia’s broad collections. We will also assess available BIBFRAME tools and test the BIBFRAME Editor for the creation of new BIBFRAME descriptions. We will provide feedback on conversion issues encountered using the tools, the BF vocabulary, and the data model. The intent of Columbia’s participation is to contribute to vocabulary & tool development.

Implementation status: Formation of a team consisting of staff members with rare book, serial, law and non-MARC expertise. Training in progress. Record conversion in progress. (A progress report can be expected in early  2015.)

Contact: Melanie Wacker (

Added to Register: October 14, 2014

Princeton University Library

Application: NjP BIBFRAME Analysis, second phase

Description: Princeton is converting and reviewing existing MARC records with a focus on music material, rare books, and non-roman script records.  Princeton will also test the BIBFRAME Editor for creation of new bibliographic data.  The intent of Princeton’s experimentation will be to analyze the BIBFRAME vocabulary and model with regard to cataloging standards.

Implementation status: We tested individual and bulk record conversion and reported conversion issues to LC.  We are working to establish a connection between the BF editor and a data store and will provide feedback.  We are evaluating the possibility of using the editor for production work rather than just testing by creating original descriptive data for small projects. We have begun discussing use cases which could demonstrate the benefits of linked data for our users, and we are experimenting with enriching our bibliographic data with URIs in preparation for large-scale conversion.

Contact:Joyce Bell (

Added to Register: May 20, 2014    Last Update: October 2, 2014

Cornell University Library

Description: Beyond our use of BIBFRAME for LD4L (see also Stanford’s registry entry), Cornell is assessing the BIBFRAME Converter as tool for manually creating original BIBFRAME.

Contact:Steven Folsom (

Implementation status: (A progress report can be expected around the New Year.)

Added to Register: June 24, 2014

Verified:: October 2, 2014

Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba “José Martí” (BNJM)

Application. Retrospective conversion using BIBFRAME

Description: BNJM is working to implement BIBFRAME as part of a strategy to finish the retrospective conversion of its printed catalogs. The current online catalogs include bibliographic references since 1998 and the previous bibliographic references remain in printed cards catalogs. The library will also test the conversion of existing MARC records (from 1998) to the Linked Data Model of BIBFRAME using the conversion made available by the Library of Congress (LC).

We are digitizing the printed card catalogs and creating a virtual catalog of card images or CIPAC (Card Images Public Access Catalog). In order to link the cards with the Web of Data, we are using a hybrid approach to annotate its data. The annotation combines OCR techniques, crowd and specialists annotation, use of VIAF, ISNI and other LOD sources and quality reviews translating the annotations to RDF. The creation of linked data is consistent with the BIBFRAME model.

We encourage the idea to include Catalog Cards as a class of annotations of work instances, similar to the Cover Art Annotation  Class in the BIBFRAME model.  In fact we have been modeling the Catalog Card Class in a way similar to that of the Covert Art Annotation Class and that could be a solution for this USE CASE respecting the standardized efforts of BIBFRAME.

We plan to publish a first set of the BIBFRAME data of our holdings as part of the Linked Open Data space at the first trimester of 2015.  We are very interested to test interoperability issues with other libraries and agencies.

Implementation status: We already have created the CIPAC of the Printed Cards Catalog of books of the Cuban Collection of XIX century and we began the annotation process using the mentioned tool. We would welcome the definition of the above mentioned annotation class in order to advance the creation of linked data using BIBFRAME model.

Contact :Pedro Urra (,

Added to Register: June 27, 2014

Colorado College

Application: TIGER Web Catalog & Flask-BIBFRAME Extension

Description: BIBFRAME is a critical Linked Data vocabulary being developed in the open-source project, Flask-BIBFRAME (, a component of the Cataloging Pull Platform. On February 27th, Colorado College is releasing a Minimum Viable Product (MVP) web catalog, called TIGER (source code available at, that uses the Flask-BIBFRAME extension. TIGER uses Linked Data entities using source records from their MARC-based legacy ILS  and Fedora Commons digital repository.  The TIGER web catalog’s user interface is based on Aaron Schmidt’s design at and uses the following technologies: Flask micro web framework for the web server and middleware. Solr Index for searching.  Redis for analytics, result caching, and messaging. MongoDB document store for JSON-LD representations of BIBFRAME entities using RDA,, MARC, and other vocabularies.

Other BIBFRAME experiments that preceded to the development  of the TIGER web catalog include the Summer 2013 Union Library discovery app that uses an earlier version of the BIBFRAME vocabulary and is available at A later BIBFRAME prototype was developed that directly used Schmidt’s UI design from his blog with the 40,000+ RDF records from Project Gutenberg and can be viewed at The source code for both BIBFRAME prototypes is available at

Contact: Jeremy Nelson

Added to Register: February 7, 2014

Library of Congress

Description: MARC to BIBFRAME Transformation Service
The transformation tool uses LC's MARC2BIBFRAME transformation to convert an existing marcxml record or collection to bibframe. Records can be pasted in or addressed by url. The transformed records will be shown in Exhibit, with the ability to see the original marcxml , bibframe rdf, and json. Records can be re-transformed if the MARC2BIBFRAME code has been updated.


Status: Available for use.

MARC to BIBFRAME Comparison Service
The comparison tool takes a record number (marc 001) and transforms that LC record, showing either marcxml or bibframe results. Possible new development: lccn as the input.


Status: Available for use.

Status Report

Contact: Nate Trail

Added to Register: January 31, 2014

Last Update: October 21, 2014

How to Register

  1. Designate a representative who is responsible for the content of the organization's entry within the register.
  2. Send the following information to
    • Name and email address of the representative, and any other contact information that you want listed.
    • Description of the project: whatever information you want listed, including links, name and description of the project or application, implementation detailsn and implementation status.
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